Water & Waste Water Audit, Planning and Management

SKAP together with its partners has significant experience in water and waste water planning, analysis and design/proposal of concept for waste water system. Concepts that makes maximum consideration to reuse, recycling, waste water minimization and conversion of waste water to energy We can do this for the Public as well as for the Industrial sector, - particular the food and beverage industry.

At any time, production facilities are under pressure to meet new environmental limits, to improve efficiency and to increase plant capacity.

Any of these points require project management and engineering time for its development, and capital investment for its implementation.

On the one hand there are targets to meet, whether they are set by legislation or industry benchmarks, on the other hand, there are demands to minimize capital investment and ensure the optimum solution. However, the overall targets are to:

  • save water
  • Reduce waste production
  • Minimize waste water production
  • Reduce the contribution to external pollution
  • Reduce energy costs
  • Reduce operating costs
  • Improve efficiency
  • Introduce new plants units and developments
  • Improve utility system performance
  • Increase through put of product
  • Meet new product specifications
  • Reduce and plan capital

Water and waste water management constitutes a key element to realize these targets. A controlled approach for improving water savings are essential for achieving sustainable technical and financial solutions.

To carry out an efficient and thorough planning, analysis and completion of a water management program, it is useful to apply a controlled model for analyze and as the basis for a decision of implementation.

This model for analyzing the waste status and potential initiatives is build up as a step-by-step process, with on-going decision milestones to avoid any misdirection in the planning and implementation process.


1.    Data collection and validation – “Helicopter view”


  • To study the industrial processes and their interactions
  • To map the “water demanding centers”
  • To study water and waste water network
  • To establish data for waste water flow during normal, peak process upset, cleaning and maintenance operations
  • To characterize the waste water streams through a sampling and analytical program.
  • To explore various pollution prevention and wastewater minimization programs
  • To explore various water recycling opportunities
  • To assess the performance of the existing waste water treatment facilities
  • To develop a comprehensive report that can support the further planning and decisions

Data can be generated from measurements of plant operation, simulation and/or design data. Data information is used to develop models of the process.


 2.    Analysis – “locating the challenges”

The input data is the basis for the analysis.


  • To prepare a detailed study on the process level water demand
  • To make a bench-marking
  • To make a wastewater characterization
  • To develop models and to make simulations of processes for various pollution prevention opportunities to establish the most feasible    reduction in waste consumption and wastewater flows
  • To identify sources of inefficiency, which allows us to determine what may practically be achievable
  • To determine the key areas in which improvement may be achieved, so that effort may be focused where it is most important
  • To investigate the costs and benefits associated with waste water reuse and recycling programs
  • To prepare a detailed report presenting:
    • The process integration requirement
    • Pollution prevention program
    • Waste water separation system
    • Waste water reuse and recycling program within the facility
    • Detailed cost-benefit analysis

 Once the waste analyze is finished we have located:

  • Where all the inefficiencies are
  • Which inefficiencies may be corrected within our stated economic criteria
  • Which changes are beneficial
  • And have compared the best alternatives with the common basis.


3.    Synthesis – “Combining the experience and the results to practical solutions”

The models and balances developed in the Analysis phase becomes the foundation in the Synthesis phase. In the Synthesis phase the aim is to develop viable concepts that can solve the actual requirements. Solutions are often iterative, with the development of projects ideas resulting in modification to the model, which generates further ideas.


  • To design a water-using network that achieves the identified flow rate targets for fresh water and waste water through water reuse, regeneration and recycling
  • To make process equipment modification schemes
  • To redesign pipe network
  • To design waste water collection, treatment and recycling facilities
  • To set up training and management system for water and waste water handling

4.    Improvements – “Reaching the goals”


  • To modify and improve existing waste collection and recycling systems
  • To add new technology or features to older systems (Retrofitting)
  • To set up a master for how to minimize water use and waste water discharge from production facilities
  • Implement the training programs for waste water operators and related management

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