Waste Audit, Planning and Management
SKAP together with its partners has significant experience in waste planning, analysis and design/proposal of concept for waste management system. The concepts make maximum consideration to reuse, recycling, waste minimization and conversion of waste to energy . We can do this for the Public as well as for the Industrial sector.
At any time, production facilities are under pressure to meet new environmental limits, to improve efficiency and to increase plant capacity.
Any of these points require project management and engineering time for its development, and capital investment for its implementation.
On the one hand there are targets to meet, whether they are set by legislation or industry benchmarks, on the other hand, there are demands to minimize capital investment and ensure the optimum solution. However, the overall targets are to:
- Reduce waste production
- Reduce the contribution to external pollution
- Reduce operating costs
- Improve efficiency
- Introduce new plants units and developments
- Improve utility system performance
- Increase through put of product
- Meet new product specifications
- Reduce and plan capital
Waste management constitutes a key element to realize these targets. A controlled approach for improving waste handling is essential for achieving sustainable technical and financial solutions.
To carry out an efficient and thorough planning, analysis and completion of a waste management program, it is useful to apply a controlled model for analyse and as the basis for a decision of implementation.
This model for analysing the waste status and potential initiatives is build up as a step-by-step process, with on-going decision milestones to avoid any misdirection in the planning and implementation process.
1. Data collection and validation – “Helicopter view”
- To study the industrial processes and their interactions
- To map the “waste demanding centres”
- To study the waste network
- To establish data for waste flow during normal, peak process upset, cleaning and maintenance operations
- To characterize the waste streams through a sampling and analytical program.
- To explore various pollution prevention and waste minimization programs
- To explore various waste recycling opportunities
- To assess the performance of the existing waste treatment facilities
- To develop a comprehensive report that can support the further planning and decisions
Data can be generated from measurements of plant operation, simulation and/or design data. Data information is used to develop models of the process.
2. Analysis – “locating the challenges”
The input data is the basis for the analysis.
- To prepare a detailed study on the process level
- To make a bench-marking
- To make a waste characterization
- To develop models and to make simulations of processes for various prevention opportunities and to establish the most feasible reduction in waste consumption
- To identify the waste sources which allows us to determine what may practically be achievable
- To make priorities and to determine the key areas in which improvement may be achieved, so that effort may be focused where it is most important.
- To investigate the costs and benefits associated with waste reuse and recycling programs
- To prepare a detailed report presenting:
- The process integration requirement
- Pollution prevention program
- Waste separation system
- Waste reuse and recycling program within the facility
- Detailed cost-benefit analysis
Once the waste analyze is finished, we:
- Understand where all the inefficiencies are located
- Which inefficiencies may be corrected within our stated economic criteria
- Which changes are beneficial
- Have compared the best alternatives with the common basis.
3. Synthesis – “Combining the experience and the results to practical solutions”
The models and balances developed in the Analysis phase becomes the foundation in the Synthesis phase. In the Synthesis phase the aim is to develop viable concepts that can solve the actual requirements. Solutions are often iterative, with the development of projects ideas resulting in modification to the model, which generates further ideas.
- To design a waste segregation system and a handling system that can achieve the targets for waste minimization, reuse, recycling and utilization
- To make principal process design for chosen solutions including cost benefit analyse
- To redesign existing waste handling system and to include them in a Master for design of waste collection, treatment and recycling facilities
- To set up training and management system for waste handling at the factories
4. Improvements – “Reaching the goals”
- To modify and improve existing waste collection and recycling systems
- To add new technology or features to older systems (Retrofitting)
- To set up a master for how to achieve ZERO-Waste from production facilities
- Implement the training programs for waste operators and related management